health requirements / medical care
Visitors are responsible for their own medical needs and it is advisable to carry comprehensive medical insurance including casualty evacuation insurance. There are Public Hospitals in most towns and cities with services that can be best described as average. Private Hospitals in Lusaka provide good quality medical services with limited facilities. Chemists/Pharmacies, private doctors and other medical practitioners are available in Lusaka, Livingstone and the Copperbelt. Do not rely on medical services outside of these areas.
Malaria is endemic to most areas in Zambia. Suitable precautions and the use of Prophylactics are recommended for visitors to these areas. There are a number of excellent mosquito repellents available in supermarkets, which are manufactured in South Africa, that are applied directly to the skin or clothes in the evening. Many hotels and other accommodation establishments have mosquito nets over the beds in their rooms.
HIV/Aids is widespread in Zambia and it is recommended that visitors do not engage in any high-risk sexual or drug-related activities that may cause exposure to the disease. Condoms are available in the country from pharmacies and some supermarkets, although it is wise to check their effectiveness thoroughly before use.